ד'אר דייאלנה-הבית של יהדות מרוקו

שימור מורשת יהדות מרוקו

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Posted by admin On יוני - 2 - 2013 0 Comment

אזולאי,בן אזולאי,דוגמה לאילן יוחסין ריק


AZULAY, AZOULAY, AZOULAI, AZOULI, BEN AZULAY

Many Jewish family names are derived from more than one source.

Azulay is a Jewish family name of Spanish origin. In some cases it was originally a personal
nickname. The root of the name is the Berber word "izil" which, in the dialect of the middle Atlas
region of Morocco, means "good".

In some cases Azulay is a toponymic surname (i.e. derived from a place of origin or residence),
associated with Tazulait, the feminine form of Azulay, which is the name of a Berber village,
south of Djebel Sarro, Morocco, from which some Jewish families bearing the name Azulay were
originated; with Izila, the ancient Berber name for the town of Asilah on the Atlantic coast, north
Morocco; or with the Berber- Arabic town of Bouzoulai, located on the high plains of South Tiaret,
Orans.

In some cases the origin of the surname Azulay is the Hispanic-Chaldean word "azul" (blue) and
a genitive suffix indicating "bluish"; perhaps originating in a nickname for someone with blue
eyes, as does the name Azuelos. Since the word azul means blue, and the word Azoulechos
means blue ceramic tiles, the name Azulay (and variants) may also be an occupational surname
indicate the making or trading of ceramics and majolica. Many Jewish family names are derived
from occupations and trades.

The name (and variants) is recorded as a Jewish family name in the following examples:

In the 17Th Century, Azoulai is recorded as a Jewish family name with Ruben Azoulai from
Tunis, in documents of the French consulate regarding loans and ransoming slaves, dated 31
August 1615; Azoulay is recorded in the 19th century on a Ketubbah from Tunis dated 2
September 1818, of Meimoun son of Jacob Azoulay, and his wife Messaouda daughter of Jacob
Azoulay.

Distinguished bearers of the name include Rabbi Haim Yosef David Azulay (1724-1806), born in
Jerusalem and died in Livorno, Italy. A Cabbalist, bibliographer, theologian and emissary, he was
a descendant of a branch of the family which emigrated to the Land of Israel after the expulsion
from Spain and was considered by the Jews of the Ottoman empire and Italy to be the highest
Rabbinical authority of his generation. In his old age, he established a yeshiva in Livorno. In his
book "Shem Hagdolim" (the name of the great ones), he interpreted his family name as a Hebrew
acronym of the biblical verse "Isha Zona Vahalala Lo Yikahu" (they [the Cohanim – the priests]
shall not take a wife that Is a whore, or profane, Leviticus 21, 7). He therefore argued that the
AZULAY

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